CAWD/PBCSD Reclamation Project

The CAWD/PBCSD Reclamation Project (the project) is a cooperative effort involving the Carmel Area Wastewater District (CAWD), the Pebble Beach Community Services District (PBCSD), the Monterey Peninsula Water Management District (MPWMD), and the Pebble Beach Company (PBCo). This cooperative effort did not create a new or separate legal entity.

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The Project provides treated wastewater to irrigate golf courses and open space areas in Pebble Beach, which frees up potable water previously used for irrigation. The original Project involved the construction of a new tertiary treatment plant and laboratory facilities located on the site of the existing CAWD secondary wastewater treatment plant, the construction of a new reclaimed distribution system, including a 2.5 million gallon storage tank, and irrigation system improvements. Construction of the original Project began in January 1993 and was completed in October 1994. The Project assets are owned principally by CAWD and PBCSD, and consist primarily of the following: Assets owned by CAWD: (1) a new tertiary treatment plant, (2) secondary process improvements, (3) new laboratory facilities, (4) a reclaimed water pump station, (5) related computer equipment and, (6) a small portion of the reclaimed water pipeline. Assets owned by PBCSD: (1) approximately seven miles of reclaimed water distribution system pipeline, (2) the Forest Lake Reservoir, (3) a 2.5 million gallon storage tank, (4) a potable water pump station, and (5) a reclaimed water booster pump station. The tertiary treatment plant produces water which meets Title 22 standards specified by the California Department of Health Services, which is a quality acceptable for human contact.

The original Project was financed by Certificates of Participation (COP), which were executed and delivered at the direction of MPWMD in December 1992 in the amount of $33,900,000. MPWMD provided the funds necessary to construct and operate the Project and then obtained ownership of the reclaimed water for the purpose of resale. PBCo guaranteed payment of construction costs of the Project as well as any operating deficiencies. The debt obligations incurred by MPWMD to finance the project constitute limited obligations of MPWMD, payable solely from the net operating revenues generated by the sale of reclaimed water produced by the Project and, if such reclaimed water revenues are insufficient, from payments on a Bond Letter of Credit provided by Bank of America (the credit bank) through a reimbursement agreement between PBCo and credit bank. PBCo pays the letter of credit fees, as well as principal and interest payments on debt obligations as needed, as a subsidy to the Project.

The activities of the Project are overseen by a five member management committee containing two representatives from the CAWD board, two from the PBCSD board, and one from the PBCo.

Subsequent to the completion of the original facilities, the Project has been expanded to increase the quantity and quality of reclaimed water. The expanded project utilizes Forest Lake Reservoir located in Pebble Beach which provides 114 million gallons of storage capacity. The Reservoir is filled with reclaimed water during winter months when there is excess production at the treatment plant. The stored water is used during summer months when the daily irrigation demand exceeds treatment plant production capacity. PBCSD purchased the Reservoir from California-American Water Company in 1998 and rehabilitated it to meet State Water Resources Division of Safety of Dams requirements. The original construction of the Reservoir was completed in March 2006. The construction costs of approximately $13 million were financed by the sale of Pebble Beach Company water entitlements.

The Microfiltration/Reverse Osmosis (MF/RO) phase of the project, located at the CAWD plant site, began design in 2006 and construction was completed in 2009. The intent of the MF/RO phase is to reduce the sodium content of the tertiary reclaimed water from 150 mg/l to less than 55 mg/l to reduce the stress on the golf greens and eliminate the need for flushing the courses with potable water. The design capacity for the MF/RO is 1.5 million gallons with an expected blend of 80% MF/RO water and 20% MF water. The cost of the MF/RO phase was approximately $20 million.

The cost of the Expanded Project was financed through the sale of water entitlements owned by PBCo to residential property owners within Pebble Beach, currently at $250,000 per acre foot, which is subject to change. At June 30, 2009 approximately $26 million had been raised through these sales and interest. The funds from the sales were deposited in a restricted escrow account where they were invested in short-term federal government securities before being spent for the Expanded Project. All project costs in excess of those raised through the sale of Water Entitlements are being covered by the PBCo.

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The following is a brief description of each of the entities involved in the Project:

Carmel Area Wastewater District

CAWD (formally the Carmel Sanitary District), formed in 1908 to service the community of Carmel-by-the-Sea, is one of the oldest sanitary districts in the State. In 1934, CAWD was reorganized under the Health and Safety Code Sanitary District Act of 1923. In 1939 work began on the construction of a primary treatment plant. The primary treatment plant was built at the site of the current Wastewater Treatment Facility and had a design capacity of 0.8 million gallons per day. The primary treatment plant was the first sewage treatment plant on the Monterey Peninsula. CAWD also provides treatment and disposal services to PBCSD, which owns one-third of the capacity of CAWD’s treatment facility. CAWD is an independent political entity operating under authority of the Health and Safety Code of the State of California, and is governed by its own five member Board of Directors who are elected for terms of four years each.

Pebble Beach Community Services District

PBCSD provides wastewater collection and treatment; fire protection and emergency medical; supplemental law enforcement; garbage collection and disposal; and reclaimed water distribution services in Pebble Beach. It was organized on July 1, 1982 under the Community Service District Act (Section 61000 et seq. Government Code). PBCSD is governed by a five member Board of Directors who are elected at large for a four year term and who must be residents of the District. PBCSD owns and operates its wastewater collection system and contracts with CAWD for wastewater treatment and disposal. The district provides fire protection and emergency medical services through a contract with the California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection, and supplemental law enforcement services through a contract with California Highway Patrol. PBCSD contracts with Waste Management Inc., dba Carmel Marina Corporation, for garbage collection and disposal services.

Monterey Peninsula Water Management District

MPWMD is a special district created by the Monterey Peninsula Water Management District Act, Statutes of 1977, Chapter 527, to provide regional water supply planning within a 170 square mile area consisting primarily of the Monterey Peninsula and Carmel Valley, California. Within MPWMD’s boundaries are the incorporated cities of Carmel-by-the-Sea, Del Rey Oaks, Monterey, Pacific Grove, Sand City and Seaside, in addition to portions of unincorporated Monterey County. The District is empowered to manage and regulate the use, reuse, reclamation, conservation, storage, distribution, treatment, and disposal of water and wastewater within its jurisdiction.

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The District is governed by a seven-member Board of Directors, five elected at large and two appointed. The District’s revenues are derived from property taxes, user fees, and connection charges. The District’s stated goals and objectives are to: (1) augment the water supply, (2) prevent degradation of resources, (3) optimize the production capability of present resources, (4) manage water demand, (5) promote water reclamation, and (6) promote water conservation and education regarding water issues. All tertiary treated water produced by the Project is owned by MPWMD.

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Pebble Beach Company

Lone Cypress Company LLC, a Delaware limited liability company (the Company or Lone Cypress) and its two wholly owned subsidiaries, Cypress I LLC and Cypress II LLC (Cypress I and Cypress II are the general partners), were formed in June 1999 for the purpose of acquiring the partnership interest in the Pebble Beach Company (PBCo) on July 30, 1999 (date of acquisition. Substantially all the operations are conducted through PBCo, a California general partnership. PBCo generates the majority of its revenues through the ownership and operation of resort hotels, four golf courses, a full service spa, restaurants, retail outlets, a beach and tennis club, an athletic club, certain properties leased to others, and the scenic route known as 17-Mile Drive. In addition PBCo owns land held for development of residential and commercial real estate.

• Recycled water now meets 100% of the irrigation needs of all of the golf courses in the Del Monte Forest (Pebble Beach Golf Links, Spyglass Hill, The Links at Spanish Bay, Peter Hay, Cypress Point, Monterey Peninsula Country Club, and Poppy Hills), thus eliminating potable water usage.

• The potable water savings means less watershed impact to the Carmel River. More water can remain in the watershed for native flora and fauna.

• Less treated wastewater is discharged to the Pacific Ocean and Carmel Bay thereby contributing to an overall improvement in ocean water quality in this area – designated by the State of California as an Area of Special Biological Significance.

• A valuable commodity, water, is reused saving drinking water for higher uses and reducing energy costs needed to produce and distribute that water.

Press Release


Agendas / Minutes

The Agenda and Minutes can be found on the Pebble Beach Community Services District website. [Click here to be taken to the agenda and minutes]


Download Reclamation Audit 2015


Download Reclamation Budget 2016-17

Reclamation Management Committee

The Reclamation Management Committee provides oversight and strategic planning for the Project. The committee is comprised of two members each from the board of directors of Pebble Beach Community Services District and CAWD and one representative from the Pebble Beach Company.

David Heuck, Executive Vice President/CFO, Pebble Beach Company
Ken White, Director, CAWD
Robert Siegfried, Director, CAWD
Peter B. McKee, Director, PBCSD
Richard D. Verbanec, Director, PBCSD
Michael Bowhay, MPCC